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Experts - Institutional and Social

Danker Schaareman

Joe Viandrito

Steven Schmidt

Siti Ruhanawati

Laine Berman

Piet van Eeuwijk

Institutional Strengthening & Reform, Social Development

Danker Schaareman

Dr. Danker Schaareman is a Dutch social anthropologist who has worked and lived in Indonesia since early 1972. He is fluent in both the Indonesian and Balinese languages, and has acquired a profound knowledge of Indonesian culture and society. During his career in Indonesia he has between 1972 and 1992 carried out a number of long-term Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) and Universitas Udayana sponsored multidisciplinary (action) research projects as team leader. His own research included:

  • Studies of the structure and organization of different types of rural and urban communities including irrigation societies/ water user groups, using various standard rapid appraisal techniques, and political, social and cultural implications of irrigation systems

  • Extensive investigations of rules for irrigation of clusters of fields, cropping systems, traditional agricultural systems, and recent developments

  •  Detailed study of a single rural community in eastern Bali in respect to its traditional socio-religious and socio-economic life

  • Assessing constraints on resolving conflicts between traditional local (adat) law and national law

  • Traditional irrigation networks and their intersection with modern water supply systems; market systems

  • Assessment of poverty among fisherman and salt-making communities

  • Mitigation and resolution of conflicts

  • The use of marine resources, trade and trade networks

  • Designing strategies for improvement of livelihood of low-income communities

As team leader of these projects he was responsible for the overall project management, coordination of activities of individual participants, all project progress, interim and final reporting, communication with national and regional government officials.

From 1992 until 2002, Mr. Schaareman has been employed as a consultant for a number of technical assistance/infrastructure projects in various positions such as legal/institutional and human resources development/capacity building, participatory community development, socialization, conflict resolution and consensus-building, agricultural (research) communication and extension specialist. During these projects, funded by multilateral donor agencies, he has, among others, established linkages between, and communicated extensively with, key stakeholders (such as local NGOs), and government officials and agencies at all levels of governance, and developed a variety of (participatory) training, extension and motivational materials, using his fluency in Bahasa Indonesia as well as his computer, visual and audio aids capabilities.

From 2002 to 2009, he was employed by the South-East Consortium for International Development as Indonesia country representative and program manager.

Mr. Schaareman was responsible for developing strategies and opportunities for projects in Mainland and Insular South-East Asia (in particular Indonesia, Viet Nam, Cambodia, the Philippines, Lao PDR, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, etc.), and for developing a business base in multilateral agency-financed technical assistance projects. Efforts focus on multi-lateral and bilateral development agencies, Government of Indonesia Ministries at the national, provincial and district levels (such as Ministry of National Education, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Public Works, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Forestry, Ministry of Religious Affairs, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and others, Indonesian institutions of higher education such as a series of State (Islamic) Universities (the former IKIP), Bogor University of Agriculture, Bandung Institute of Technology, Udayana University Denpasar, University of North Sumatra Medan, Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh, Padjadjaran University Bandung, and prospects for partnering with local agencies and organizations. He has gained insight into the projects by, among other means, meeting with GOI project personnel to help ensure that SECID is fairly introduced and presented to as an appropriate firm for implementing projects.

Mr. Schaareman was also responsible for submitting concept papers, expressions of interest, proposals, identification, selection and recruitment of required experts, liaison, and coordination, and ensuring effective implementation of those projects.

Currently, he is Associate Director of PT. Pugajinou (International Consultants), and heads the Institutional Strengthening and Social Development Sector.

Technical Expertise

  • Project development, management, liaison, and coordination

  • Consensus-building; communication; extension; socialization

  • (Social) impact studies, analysis and research, and needs assessment

  • Sector experience: participatory community development; public-private partnerships; education and training; human resources development; institutional and regulatory reform and development; tertiary education policies; agriculture

  • Computer skills including Microsoft Office applications, database design and management; accounting software

  • Excellent communication skills, team worker, good management capabilities

Selected Consultancies

  • Planning Support Adviser for Targeted Budget Support for National Education for All (EFA), TBS II, Ministry of Education and Training, Viet Nam, 2010

  • Research Communication and Institutional Specialist for Integrated Swamps Development Project (ISDP), IBRD Loan 3755-IND, World Bank, Indonesia, 1998

  • Team Leader/Socialization and Consensus-Building Specialist for Public-Private Partnerships, Bali Water Supply, Phase 2-A (part of the Bali Urban Infrastructure Project, BUIP); IBRD Loan 3913–ind, World Bank, Indonesia, 2001

  • Socialization, Consensus-Building and Institutional Specialist for Urban Public Transport Policies (UPTP); Japanese Grant TF–25207 and IBRD Loan No. 4054-IND, World Bank, Indonesia, 2001-2002

  • Researcher for Strategic Planning for STUNED 2005-2009; Netherlands Education Center, Indonesia, 2004

  • Team Leader/ Social Anthropology Researcher for interdisciplinary research project The Relationships between the Sea and the Mountain in Bali, Indonesia, Swiss National Fund for the Promotion of Scientific Research, 1990-1994

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Siti Ruhanawati

In line with her degrees in Economics and Development Management, Siti Ruhanawati is an experienced consultant in stakeholder engagement, community engagement management issues, knowledge building and good practices, knowledge management, and private sector participation. She also has broad experience in the development of alternative livelihoods.

She has worked on a range of international donor institutions funded projects such as UNCTAD, UNDP, World Bank, IOM, AusAID and Universities; she also represented these institutions at the international, regional, and national level.

Technical Expertise

  • Community engagement

  • Alternative livelihoods

  • Gender mainstreaming

  • Development management

Major Recent Assignments

  • Consultant/ Researcher for National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM): Community Organizer, World Bank/ National Team for Acceleration of Poverty Alleviation (TNP2K), Indonesia, 2013

  • Consultant/ Researcher for Nutrition Study, AusAID and World Bank, Indonesia, 2013

  • Consultant on Review of Accountability in Basic Health Service Delivery in Indonesia and Design of Demand-side Accountability Pilot in PNPM Generasi, AusAID-World Bank, Indonesia, 2012-2013
  • Consultant for National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM): Gender Study, World Bank, Indonesia, 2012

  • Consultant for BioTrade Impact Assessment System, UNCTAD, Indonesia, 2012

  • Project Coordinator for Gender Responsive Approach for Reintegration and Peace Stabilization, UNDP, Indonesia, 2010-2011

  • Consultant for Gender Mainstreaming for Strengthening Sustainable Peace and Development Aceh (SSPDA) and Aceh Partnership for Economic Development (APED), UNDP, Indonesia, 2009-2010
  • Gender Officer for Village Prosperity through Peace, CIDA, Indonesia, 2008-2009

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Joe Viandrito

Joe Viandrito has more than 15 years of experience in dealing with various stakeholders in Indonesia and Asia Pacific. He has proven capabilities in government relations and liaison skills and fostering partnerships between CSOs, donors, and stakeholders, institutional frameworks and is an expert in communications/ multimedia campaigns, and in the creation of Public Private Partnerships.

He has strong experience in managing projects, is familiar with donor program and financial mechanisms having spent years of managing and administering grants and consulting with various donors: USAID, AUSAID, EU/DIPECHO, the World Bank, UN agencies (including UNDP, UNICEF, FAO, and WFP), ASEAN in Myanmar, ADPC in Thailand, IFRC Asia Pacific in Malaysia, and other international organizations.

Joe has also sound experience in serving government and non-government agencies as well as multi-regional bodies to design and implement communications strategies. These included preparing communications strategies for ASEAN Connectivity 2015 (for ASEAN), to reduce rice field conversion (for Ministry Agriculture), to strengthen community linkages to health care (for UNICEF) and to reduce the rate of illegal logging (for USAID).

Technical Expertise

  • Institution building

  • Institutional strengthening

  • Risk management

  • Community development and participation

  • Media and communications

  • Grant management

  • Government and public affairs

Selected Recent Assignments

  • Final Evaluator for the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO), European Union, in 2013 to review and assess the impact of ECHO-funded assistance programs in Indonesia from 2007–2012

  • Chief of Party of Climate Adaptation & Disaster Resilience Project, USAID, Indonesia, 2011-2012

  • Project Manager at Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) in Bangkok, Thailand, 2009-2010

  • Hub Coordinator for ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force in Myanmar, 2008-2009

  • Consultant for ASEAN Australian Development Cooperation Program (AADCP) and ASEAN Secretariat (ASEC), in 2013 for creating communications strategy towards ASEAN Connectivity 2015

  • Consultant for the Ministry of Agriculture to create communications strategy to hold the rate of paddy fields conversion to other purposes. (2012)

  • As Legal Research & Disaster Management Consultant for International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) Asia Pacific - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 2012, to conduct a research to analyze the impact of Law No.24/2007 and its subsequent regulations

  • Consultant for FAO to conduct Post-Mentawai Earthquake/Tsunami Assessment, 2010

  • Consultant for AUSAID/AIFDR (Australian-Indonesian Facility for Disaster Reduction) in 2010 to facilitate the process of making Standard Operation Procedure (SOP) for BNPB’s Rapid Assessment Task Force

  • Consultant for UNICEF to create communications strategy to strengthen community linkages to health care through a participatory approach. (2006)

  • UNDP Program Manager for Integrated IDPs Settlement and Development Programme in Southeast Sulawesi, 2004-2005

  • Consultant for the World Bank’s Development Marketplace (DM) Project (2004)

  • Media and Communications Specialist for National Media Campaign for Sustainable Forestry Management in Indonesia (GreenCOM), USAID, Indonesia, 2003-2004

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Laine Berman

Having lived in Indonesia for 30 years, Dr. Laine Berman brings an insightful knowledge of the local context as well as the vast networks that she has established over the years. Dr Berman has extensive experience working with and assisting both local government and communities to build local capacity, ownership and involvement in a wide variety of development programs. She has existing relationships with universities, donors, agencies, local governments, local and international NGOs, CSOs as well as grass-roots organizations and is acutely aware of the capabilities and gaps that exist throughout the region. She is well known as a public speaker, advocate, lecturer, street trainer, writer, researcher and artist. As a committed capacity development expert that is also a member of this community with a strong sense of cultural identity, Dr Berman will be a vital member to any team.

For Laine Berman's personal web page click the following link:

Technical Expertise

  • Community engagement: multi-media outreach and socialization; highly participatory approaches; training local staff to increase community ownership; community-based monitoring; participatory program design and implementation

  • Community-based research: focus groups, survey, stake-holder and key informant interviews; household/ network/ community-based information collection; narrative analysis; life stories

  • Monitoring and evaluation: needs assessment; social impact; evaluation plan development; training local staff in participatory M&E strategies, approaches; training community members to actively participate in M&E

  • Sustainable livelihoods: livelihoods assessments; community-based research; micro-enterprise

  • Emergency mitigation: participatory disaster identification; community mobilizing for disaster risk reduction; peace and sustainable livelihoods development; child protection and guidelines of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC)

  • Training / Facilitation: capacity-building local staff; participatory training modules; training of trainers; life skills; low-literacy

  • Women’s participation: gender-based violence/domestic violence prevention; reproductive health; family health & welfare, environmental safety/recycling/composting; trafficking, gender training & mainstreaming

  • Community health & safety: reproductive health; disaster analysis and prevention; water & sanitation / hygiene; avian influenza

  • HIV/ AIDS: participatory research; behavior change and prevention training; life skills training; prevention counseling; promotion of HIV/ sex education for children

  • Children and youth: homelessness; reproductive health; life skills and HIV/ AIDS; substance abuse; violence; livelihoods

  • Management style aimed at flexibility, participation, empowerment of local staff

  • Report-writing; multi-media presentations; Public Service Announcements (PSA)

Selected Consultancies

  • Community Engagement (CE) Manager for Australia-Indonesia Partnership: Community-Based Assistance Program, AusAID, Indonesia, 2006-2007

  • External Evaluator for Building Bridges for Conflict-affected Youth in Central Sulawesi, CARDI, Indonesia, 2008

  • Team Leader/ External Impact Evaluator for Building Opportunities: Strengthening the Capacities of Poor Small Islands in Indonesia to Develop Sustainable Livelihoods, Oxfam, UK, Indonesia, 2009

  • Team Leader for Capacity Building Needs Assessment of Civil Society Organizations in Aceh, UNDP, Indonesia, 2005

  • Consultant for Emergency Psycho-Social Support, UNICEF, Indonesia, 2006

  • Consultant on Gender Equality and Domestic Violence for Programme on Women’s Leadership for Peace-Building and Gender Justice in East Timor, UNIFEM, Timor Leste, 2005-2006

  • Team Leader/ External Evaluator for Right to Play. External Evaluation of Building Child Rights’ Awareness and Promoting Holistic Child and Youth Development in Aceh, UNICEF, Indonesia, 2008

  • Projects Coordinator Delegate for Tsunami Program, Australian Red Cross, Indonesia, 2008-2009

  • Team Leader/ External Evaluator for Youth for Peace / West Timor Capacity Building Program, American Friends Service Committee, Indonesia, 2010

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Steven Schmidt

Mr. Steven Schmidt, MBA, has had over 25 years of working experience in a broad range of positions against a varied range of backgrounds. Working experiences include a variety of  international development projects, research and practical development activities in both the private and public sectors related to education and community organization.

In the past 15 years or so, major experience and career direction has been increasingly specialized with a community focus including development and empowerment, community awareness raising and outreach, government capacity building for community inclusion, livelihoods development, community capacity building,  self reliance and small scale infrastructure development within the scope of decentralized development planning in Indonesia. Prior to working in the community development sector, Mr.  Schmidt’s experiences in Indonesia included work on decentralized education/school based management. He also translated the Minister of Education and Culture’s “50 Years Development of Indonesian Education” commemorative publication from Bahasa Indonesia to English. Mr. Schmidt has been employed on large and small village level development projects for international development agencies and donor institutions. His most recent assignment being in South Nias as a part of the 2005 earthquake response (AusAID NRP), an employment intensive crisis response to reconstruct community infrastructure. He has worked for a number of agencies including the International Labor Organization, The World Bank, The Japan International Cooperation Agency, the Japan Bank for International Cooperation, the Asian Development Bank and AusAID.

Skills in the area of participatory community based training and community mobilization, employment intensive programming, indigenous initiatives, working with community organizations, local government and NGOs have been a regular component of the activities experienced. Preparation of program implementation training programs, routine monitoring and evaluation, MIS development for routine program/project monitoring and reporting, program/project office establishment and general project implementation preparations have also been built up over a number of years of field experience.

Consistent exposure to the development environment and regular reporting duties has led to the development of good oral and written English communications skills, while the broad range of experience, built up over many years of working with and generally mixing with people from varied backgrounds and local cultures, has consolidated formal studies of Indonesian language and culture and led to fluency in Bahasa Indonesia. Several years of work experience in the Indonesian public service/development environment and constant contact with government officials and private sector contractors has resulted in the further enhancement of region specific communications and management skills.

Also during this time, he has written and co-written several research articles and reports on a contract basis, for private firms and development agencies. Major focus of field research has been vocational training and education.

Technical Expertise

  • Community and rural development

  • Capacity building

  • Monitoring and evaluation

  • Green economy

  • Community infrastructure

Major Recent Assignments

  • Community Development and Capacity Building Manager for the Rural Access and Capacity Building Project (RACBP), World Bank/KPDT, Indonesia, 2009-2010

  • Community Development and Capacity Building Manager/ Deputy Team Leader for the Nias Reconstruction Program (NRP), AusAID, Indonesia, 2006-2008

  • Team Leader and Community Development Specialist for Community Empowerment for Rural Development (CERD), Part A: Capacity Building for Decentralized Development Planning, ADB, Indonesia, 2004-2006

  • Co-Team Leader for the Agriculture and Forestry Sector Program Loan, JBIC, Indonesia, 2002-2003

  • Project Benefit Assessment Expert (M&E) for the Agriculture & Forestry Sector Program Loan (AF-SPL), JBIC, Indonesia, 2001

  • Institutional Development Expert for the Study of Critical Land and Protection Forest Rehabilitation in Tondano Watershed, Environment, JICA, Steven Schmidt, Indonesia, 2000-2001

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Piet van Eeuwijk

Dr. Piet van Eeuwijk holds a PhD in Social Anthropology, and a MA in Medieval/Modern History, both from the University of Basel, Switzerland. Furthermore, he has obtained a Postgraduate Diploma in Development Cooperation from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland. He has lived for more than 10 years in Indonesia where he acted as field researcher, university teacher, project officer and consultant. Since the early 1980s Dr. van Eeuwijk has gained a deep insight into local conditions and household dynamics in relation to culture, health and illness through extensive fieldwork in mostly remote areas in Eastern Indonesia (with a special focus on island and coastal communities) such as Sulawesi, NTT, Moluccas, and Papua.

As medical anthropologist he was head of several international and interdisciplinary research projects under supervision of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, LIPI) and various Indonesian universities, financed by Swiss government funds. His major research topics (in Indonesia) are inter alia:

  • Indonesian traditional medicine in local, national and global context

  • Local health care systems and its adaptation to newly emerging challenges (such as HIV/AIDS, avian flu, dengue fever)

  • Quality of care in the Indonesian health system from a user’s perspective

  • Remote communities and their health-seeking behaviour regarding malaria and diarrhoeal illnesses (with a special focus on the use of free-over-the-counter drugs)

  • Health transition in Indonesia (e.g. demographic and epidemiological transition, change of lifestyle and urbanisation) and its effects on communities and households

  • Emerging chronic diseases in urban areas of Indonesia (such as diabetes, hypertension, rheumatism, cancer)

  • Ageing and health: the rapidly increasing number of elderly Indonesians and their old-age vulnerability and resilience

  • Long-term care support and social security of elderly urban Indonesians

  • The burden of Indonesian lay caregivers and potential improvements of care schemes

Besides his scientific research activities, Dr. van Eeuwijk has a long-standing record of teaching, lecturing and tutoring at Indonesian public and private universities, including scientific consultancy in research projects. In Indonesia, he teaches semester courses in Social Anthropology (e.g. on medical anthropology, urban anthropology, current theories and concepts) and Public Health (e.g. on urban health, ageing and health, illness behaviour); a major lecture topic is qualitative research methods and data analysis including guiding students’ fieldwork. He is tutoring and supervising several MA (S2) and PhD (S3) students at various Indonesian universities where he also acts as academic examiner. Dr. van Eeuwijk has developed a wide network consisting of different academic institutions and scientists all over Indonesia (particularly in Java and Eastern Indonesia), which has produced joint research projects, staff exchange programs and scientific cooperation agreements. He regularly teaches courses in medical anthropology, urban anthropology, ecological anthropology, and anthropology and politics of Southeast Asia ― besides his second anthropological regional field, namely East Africa ― at three universities in Switzerland and Germany. Moreover, he supervises several MA and PhD students from these two countries who carry out their fieldwork in Southeast Asia, particularly in Indonesia.

From 1992 to 2002, Mr. van Eeuwijk held the position of project officer and head of Indonesia Desk in Swiss faith-based NGOs. Based in Switzerland (1992-1999). he was responsible for several development projects in Indonesia which were supported and co-financed by these Swiss NGOs. These projects comprised health and water projects (North Sulawesi), informal/informal craftsman education (Jakarta, West Java, Central Kalimantan), agriculture, animal husbandry and fisheries (North Sulawesi, Papua), income generation activities (North Sulawesi, West Java, Papua), women’s empowerment activities (Papua, North Sulawesi) and community development  programmes (Papua). Dr. van Eeuwijk is a member of the Swiss national commission for faith-based NGO programs and projects which are funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC). From 2000 to 2002 and based in Indonesia, he acted as project officer and NGO representative for Indonesia; during the unrests in the Northern Moluccas, Ambon and Poso, he became also liaison officer for refugee camp programs (in North Sulawesi and Gorontalo), reconciliation projects (in Poso and the Northern Moluccas) and reconstruction/repatriation activities. Starting from 2003, he functions as consultant for Swiss NGOs in different cooperation projects in Indonesia relating to health improvement, social security strengthening and community development.

Technical Expertise

  • Qualitative methods in community-driven planning and evaluation

  • Training skills in project development: PIME (planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation)

  • PRA/Participatory rapid assessment methods and procedure

  • Skills in (pre-)feasibility studies in health sector

  • Experience in curriculum development for training centres in health sector including TOT (training for trainers)

  • Applied research: process from scientific study to project activity

  • Fund raising and budgeting particularly of health and education projects

  • Research skills as to household production of health

  • Development of informal social security programmes

  • Income generation activities for small and medium-sized enterprises

  • Training and supervision of institution building and strengthening by/for elderly people

  • Human resources management and supervision in cooperation projects

  • Linguistic capabilities and verbal skills in Indonesian development and academic context

Selected Recent Assignments

  • Social Health Expert / Supervisor for Rolling out Preventive Chemotherapy to Achieve Rapid and Sustainable Impact on Opisthorchiasis and Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis in Lao PDR: an Intervention Study in the Province of Saravan, National Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Lao PDR, 2009-2010

  • Evaluator / Social Health Expert for Health Training Center: Feasibility Study, Health Training Center, Health Department of DS AZR Wenas Foundation, The Christian Evangelical Church in Minahasa (GMIM), North Sulawesi, 2004-2005

  • Evaluator / Social Health Expert for Health Training Center: The Elderly People Program, Health Training Center, Health Department of DS AZR Wenas Foundation, The Christian Evangelical Church in Minahasa (GMIM), North Sulawesi, Indonesia, 2009-2010

  • Social Health Expert / Qualitative Research Methods Specialist for Health Training Center: Applied Research, Health Training Center, Health Department of DS AZR Wenas Foundation, The Christian Evangelical Church in Minahasa (GMIM), North Sulawesi, Indonesia, 2010

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